Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics

It is the author’s responsibility on the publication ethics as follows:


The submission of manuscript implies that the work has not been published before. This is in exception where it is a part of a thesis or report. This also implies that the manuscript is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Duplicate, redundant, multiple publication

Any manuscript that has similar hypothesis, methodology, results and discussion to published article will be rejected. Submission of the manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitute an unethical behaviour which may results in the rejected of the manuscript.

Authorship of the manuscript

Manuscript submitted by author should be the person who participated in the research and is responsible for the written manuscript. When authorship is attributed to a group, all authors should have made substantial contributions. The manuscript submitted implies that all authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript. Thus, agreed to the manuscript submission to this journal. All authors must be responsible for the quality, accuracy, and ethics of the research.

Fabrication of data

Fabrication, manipulation or falsification of data is an ethical violation and is prohibited.

Citations manipulation

The only relevant citations are used in the manuscripts. Irrelevant (self) citation to increase author(s)’s citation (h-index) or unnecessary citation to improve the references are not allowed. This will results in rejection of your manuscript.

Disclosure, Conflict of interest and source of funding

Author(s) require(s) to acknowledge all sources of institutional, private, and corporate financial support for the research within the manuscript, and notes any potential conflicts of interest.

 Error in published article

 It is the responsibility of the author to inform the editor regarding error or inaccuracy discovered in their published articles. Author should promptly notify the editor and cooperate to retract of amend the article.


No responsibility is assumed by publisher and co-publishers, nor by the editors for any injury and/or damage to persons or property as a result of any actual or alleged libelous statements, infringement of intellectual property or privacy rights, or products liability, whether resulting from negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any ideas, instructions, procedures, products or methods contained in the material therein.